Basic Intellectual Property legislation

Intellectual Property Rights are regulated in a fragmented legal regime in Europe, with the EU directives in this policy area being implemented differently in several member states.

This table is looking at basic Intellectual Property laws in several European countries with references regarding copyright, trademark and patent national laws and indicates the responsible authorities.

CountryCopyright lawNational copyright authorityTrademark law

National trademark authority

Patent law

National patent authority

Austria

Urheberrechtsgesetz (UrhG)

Urheberrechtswahrnehmungsgesetz(UrhWahrnG)
None

Markenschutzgesetz (MSchG)

Musterschutzgesetz (MuSchG)

Gebrauchsmustergesetz(GMG)

Halbleiterschutzgesetz(HlSchG)

Schutzzertifikatsgesetz(SchZG)
Austrian Patent Office
 
Patentgesetz(PatG)Austrian Patent Office
 
Bulgaria

Law on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights

Last modified: 20 February 2015 (in relation to orphan works)

The Ministry of Culture (Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Directorate)

Law on Marks and Geographical Indications

 

Last modified: 26 July 2016

Bulgarian Patent Office

Law on Patents and Utility Model Registration

 

Last modified: 18 May 2012

Bulgarian Patent Office

Czech Republic

Law No. 121/2000

Last modified: 7.11.2014

Ministry of Culture (Ministerstvo kultury ČR)

Laws no: 441/2003

452/2001

Industrial Property Office (Úřad průmyslového vlastnictví)

Laws no.

14/1993

221/2006

527/1990

206/2000

173/2002

Industrial Property Office (Úřad průmyslového vlastnictví)

France

article L. 111-1 of the Code de la propriété intellectuelle (CPI)

Last modified:

Laws of 11 March 1957, 3 July 1985, 1 August 2006, 12 June 2009, 28 October 2009

Office du droit d’auteur

article L. 711-1 of the Code de la propriété intellectuelle (CPI)

Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle (INPI)

article L. 611-1 of the Code de la propriété intellectuelle (CPI)

Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle (INPI)

Germany

Copyright Act of 9 September 1965 (Federal Law Gazette Part I, p. 1273), as last amended by Article 7 of the Act of 4 April 2016 (Federal Law Gazette Part I, p. 558)

Deutsches Patent-und Markenamt (DPMA)

Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Symbols of 25 October 1994 (Federal Law Gazette 1995 Part I p. 3082, 1996 part I p. 682), as last amended by Art. 4 of the Act of 4 April 2016 (Federal Law Gazette Part I p. 558)

Deutsches Patent-und Markenamt (DPMA)

Patent Law Act of 16 December 1980 (Federal Law Gazette 1981 Part I p. 1), as last amended by Article 2 of the Act of 4 April 2016 (Federal Law Gazette Part I p. 558)

 

Deutsches Patent-und Markenamt (DPMA)
ItalyLaw no. 633 of April 22th 1941, amended on February 2008, for IPR on electronic communication; Intellectual property  right, trade marks and patent are protected also by some articles of the Italian Constitution Chart. The regulations on the protection of IPR on the electronic communication is contained in the regulation no. 680/13/CON

Autorità Garante per le Comunicazioni – AGCOM for electronic IP rights; Società Italiana degli Autori ed Editori - SIAE for music, arts and books

Link: www.agcom.it

www.siae.it
Italian Civil Code art. 2569-2574; Industrial Property Code, Law 10 February 2005

Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico, Ufficio Brevetti e Marchi

Italian Civil Code art. 2584-2591; Italian Code on Industrial Property

Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico, Ufficio Brevetti e Marchi

MaltaChapter 415 (2000, amended 2011). Copyright ActNational IP office of MaltaChapter 416 (2001, amended 2003). Trademarks ActNational IP office of MaltaChapter 417 (2002, amended 2005). Patents and Designs ActNational IP office of Malta
Netherlands

On 1 July 2015 the new Dutch Copyright Act (Wet Auteurscontractenrecht, Staatsblad 2015, 257; in Dutch only) became effective.

Section 25 fa has been inserted to state that authors are legally entitled to make the results of their research open access available.

Copyright OfficesNational Ordinance of December 16, 1996 laying down new rules in respect of the Trademark Law (“Trade Marks National Ordinance 1995”).

The Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP)

 Patent Act 1995 (Act of December 15, 1994 Containing Rules Relating to Patents) (last modified in 2008; available here)

Netherlands Patent Office  (as a department of the Netherlands Enterprise Agency)

RomaniaLaw 8/1996 on copyright (English version)Romanian Copyright OfficeLaw 84/1998 on trademarks and geographical indications (English version)State Office for Inventions and TrademarksPatent Law no. 64/1991 (English version)State Office for Inventions and Trademarks
Spain

Law 22/11 November 1987 was modified by the new Spanish IP Law 388/2014 July 31 (also known as LPI) and which came into force on January 1st 2015.

Oficina Española de Patentes y MarcasLey 17/2001Oficina Española de Patentes y MarcasLey 11/86Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas
Switzerland

Federal Act on Copyright and Related Rights (1992)

The Swiss government has proposed a revision of the copyright law and a public consultation period has ended on March 31, 2016. It is unclear what will happen next.

Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (under the Federal Department of Justice and Police)

 

 

Federal Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and Indications of Source (1992)

Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property

Federal Act on Patents for Inventions (1954)

Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property

United KingdomCopyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 with amendments for different territoriesIntellectual Property OfficeTrade Marks Act 1994 and
Trade Mark Rules
Intellectual Property Office

The Patents Act 1977

The Patents Rules 2007 and Patents (Fees) Rules 2007

Patents sections: Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

Intellectual Property Office

 

Last updated 19 May 2017.

Suggestions? Corrections? Additions? Please send us an email at observatory (at) mappingtheinternet (dot) eu. Or suggest via this webform.

Link - Posted on Friday 19 September 2014

« EU Orphan Works directive implementation Personal data security »